The First Peoples of Nebraska built shelter with materials available to them and conducive to their lifestyles. Tipis, constructed of animal hides and wooden poles were common in western Nebraska whereas earth lodges constructed with tree branches and soils were common in the east. Diet consisted of wildlife: such as deer, buffalo and turkeys plus cultivated crops such as corn, squash, and beans.
The first Europeans to arrive in Nebraska sheltered in anything they could afford and find, from brick houses to dugouts in the sides of hills. Construction skills brought from Europe helped build communities, schools and homes from materials found locally or shipped in. Diets were as varied as the nationalities. They ate what they could grow or find.